Firefighters work to prevent fires and save people's lives and property when fires do happen. Putting out a fire takes teamwork. Some firefighters drive the fire engines, connect the water hoses, or set up the ladders. Others rescue people or break doors and windows to let out smoke. Firefighters also teach people about fire safety. They inspect buildings for possible fire hazards.
• Fire fighters respond to fire alarms and other emergency calls.
• They drive and operate firefighting vehicles and equipment.
• They use a hose to spray water or chemicals onto the fire.
• They may set up and climb ladders to get to upper levels of buildings or to rescue people.
• Fire fighters give first aid and CPR to people who may be injured.
• They keep firefighting equipment, vehicles, fire hydrants, and the fire station in good working order.
Where and When:
• Firefighting is a job that can be dangerous.
• Firefighters sometimes work shifts of 24 hours, including weekends and holidays.
• Some firefighters are also trained as Emergency Medical Technicians.
• There are firefighters in cities and suburbs.
• Some work at airports or in factories.
• Others work in forests and rural areas.
• Special firefighters that fight forest fires are called smoke jumpers.
• They parachute from airplanes to remote areas.
• Some firefighters become fire investigators.
• Fire investigators study fires to see how they started.
• Fire investigators collect evidence from the scene.
• They also may talk to witnesses.
• Firefighters stay at fire stations much of the time.
• Fire stations usually have living rooms, kitchens, and bedrooms.
• When the alarm sounds, firefighters must respond rapidly.
• Firefighting is dangerous work.
• During a fire, floors can cave in and walls can topple.
• Firefighters may come in contact with poisonous gases or other hazardous materials.
• To protect themselves, firefighters wear protective gear.
• The protective gear can be heavy and hot.
• Many firefighters work more than 50 hours a week.
What or Who They Work With:
• First Aid Equipment
• Axes, Chain Saws, Shovels
• Fire Hydrants
• Medical Equipment
• Protective Gear
Education and Training:
• Most firefighters attend some college, and many have at least an Associate's Degree.
• There are special tests required to be a firefighter - physical and fire safety.
Related School Subjects:
• Health and PE
BIG FRANK'S FIRE TRUCK by Leslie McGuire
MERCY WATSON TO THE RESCUE by Kate DiCamillo